Image by ©European Union/ECHO/Caroline Gluck | Health clinic at government-run Yibo camp, Suruc, southeastern Türkiye
  • Report
  • 22 November 2022

Funding to local actors: evidence from the Syrian refugee response in Türkiye

Türkiye hosts almost 4 million Syrian refugees. In this report, DI and TMK seek to fill the gap in data on funding flows to the local and national actors critical to the response.

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Partnership with TMK

This research was carried out in partnership between Development Initiatives (DI) and the Refugee Council of Türkiye (TMK). TMK will be publishing a Turkish translation of this report in the near future.

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Executive summary

Locally led responses require sufficient, quality funding provided as directly as possible. However, in 2021 only 1.2% of international humanitarian funding went directly to local and national actors.

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Chapter One


The growing discussion in Türkiye around localisation means it is critical to understand funding flows from international actors to the Syrian refugee response.

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Chapter Two


Türkiye has contributed huge amounts of domestic resources to the Syrian refugee response, and was also one of the largest recipients of international humanitarian assistance in 2020.

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Chapter Three

Funding to local and national actors

Local and national actors receive most of their funding through intermediary organisations despite implementing the majority of refugee programming.

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Chapter Four

Quality funding

Funding to LNAs must not only be sufficient in volume, but also in quality. Multi-year, flexible funding with allowance for overhead costs is crucial to meet needs and ensure longevity.

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Chapter Five

Quality of partnerships

Respectful and equitable partnerships are critical to successful localisation. Barriers to the strategic relationships are exacerbating unbalanced power dynamics between donor- and recipient organisations.

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Chapter Six

Conclusion and recommendations

There is a need to increase quality, direct funding to local and national actors in Türkiye who are responsible for implementing much of the response programming.

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appendix one


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appendix two


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