Multi-year humanitarian funding: Global baselines and trends: Chapter 5
Country recipients of funding from donorsDownloads
Figure 4: Between 2016 and 2018, donors’ reported multi-year contributions were primarily directed to the largest recipient countries of international humanitarian assistance
A large portion of donors reported that multi-year humanitarian contributions (68% from 2016 to 2018) do not specify a destination country. This large share may include a broader range of recipient countries, beyond the largest crises. Where data indicates a recipient destination, donors’ reported multi-year grants are concentrated on the largest crises, following a similar pattern to total humanitarian funding.
- Ten countries received 57% (US$2.1 billion) of the reported volume of multi-year funding with information on destination location. The largest contributions went to Syria (US$497 million), Turkey (US$360 million), Somalia (US$322 million), South Sudan (US$312 million) and Iraq (US$151 million).
- Over the 2016–2018 period, seven of the reported 10 largest recipient countries of multi-year humanitarian contributions also featured among the 10 largest recipients of international humanitarian assistance in 2017. These latter 10 accounted for 51% of the total international humanitarian assistance in 2017.
- Close to 12% of reported multi-year humanitarian contributions with information on destination location were defined as regional (meaning they covered two or more specified countries or regions). This signals potential allocations to regional crises that can be described as softly earmarked multi-year grants. This is in addition to 13% of multi-year humanitarian funding with a destination location provided that was directed globally, usually in the form of unearmarked funds.
Where multi-year funding has increased, it has primarily been directed to high-visibility crises. It is broadly agreed that multi-year funding is suited to responses to protracted crises. This may have led to higher volumes of multi-year funding primarily directed to the crises in Syria, Yemen and Afghanistan. Simultaneously, recent high-level pledging conferences may have contributed to increased volumes of multi-year funding to these crises. However, this persistent concentration of funding in the largest crises means that fewer resources are available for “forgotten” or less visible crises, which may be equally appropriate environments for multi-year funding.
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The seven countries are: Syria, Turkey, Somalia, South Sudan, Iraq, Yemen and Nigeria.Return to source text
Development Initiatives, Global Humanitarian Assistance report 2019. Available at: https://devinit.org/publications/global-humanitarian-assistance-report-2019/Return to source text
People, crisis and assistance
Chapter 1 focuses on the people in need of assistance – presenting a detailed analysis of the populations affected by crisis.
International humanitarian assistance
Chapter 2 presents a detailed analysis of official humanitarian assistance – showing overall volumes and how funding compares with requirements set out in appeals, as well examining the specific contributions made by government and private donors.
Wider crisis financing
Chapter 3 examines a wide range of resources – domestic and international, public and private – that have the potential to complement humanitarian assistance in crisis-affected contexts.