• Report
  • 5 January 2017

Final ODA data for 2015

This report presents Development Initiatives’ initial analysis of ODA, including comparison to preliminary ODA data, regional distribution of ODA and more.

In December the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) released detailed data on official development assistance (ODA) allocations in 2015.

This report presents Development Initiatives’ initial analysis of that data, including:

  • Comparison to preliminary ODA data
  • Regional distribution of ODA
  • Main recipient countries
  • Trends in ODA to least developed countries (LDCs)
  • The composition of ODA, including levels of loans, debt relief and refugee costs

Key findings:

  • There is no significant change in total ODA levels reported in the final 2015 data compared with the preliminary figures.
  • Total ODA reached a new peak in 2015 despite a significant fall in disbursements from the United States (US).
  • Sub-Saharan Africa remains the region that received the greatest amount of ODA; however, ODA disbursements with no specified recipient increased significantly.
  • Afghanistan is still the largest ODA recipient despite several years of falling ODA receipts.
  • Other countries in South and Central Asia (e.g. India, Pakistan and Bangladesh) saw significant increases in ODA, as did the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).
  • ODA to LDCs increased somewhat, but it remains below 2010 levels.
  • ODA loans continued to increase, driven by a substantial rise in lending from Germany.
  • The low level of concessionality attached to loans from Germany (and, to a lesser degree, France) may adversely affect levels of reported ODA when new reporting rules come into effect.
  • Levels of in-donor spending on refugees rose dramatically in 2015 and now accounts for over 9% of all reported ODA.
  • For some donors, refugee costs make up between a quarter and a third of total reported ODA.
  • The amount of ODA reported per refugee varies significantly between donors, making it difficult to compare total ODA levels from one donor to another.

Read the report