A new country is born: South Sudan.
After decades of colonial rule followed by decades of marginalisation that culminated in a devastating 20 year war, South Sudan has become the 193rd member of the United Nations.
The challenges for this country are immense. Despite six years having passed since the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement with the Northern dominated government in 2005, South Sudan suffers from multiple humanitarian crises, compounded by the continuing lack of basic infrastructure. There are diseases of all kinds, conflicts between tribes and flash floods. Refugees return to areas that in some cases have almost no basic services. Development aid, despite the promises of the MDTF, has failed to deliver.
These challenges are further complicated by strained relations with the Northern government, over the contested areas along the border and the continual conflict in Darfur, oil rights and still existing militias.
Now these issues are solely the responsibility of this new nation.
In the next days we will publish a report on the transition in aid the government will face, as a Khartoum focused donor and implementing structure connects to the South. In the meantime you can find the detailed aid profile we put together earlier on Sudan. http://www.globalhumanitarianassistance.org/aid-to-sudan-1995-2009-new-gha-factsheet-2737.html