There has been a shift in the geographic and economic contexts of displacement, necessitating changes in who is best placed to fund and deliver assistance, and in which ways. The largest number of displaced people is no longer only in Africa and lower income countries (LICs) but in the Middle East and middle-income countries (MICs). In mid-2014, displaced populations in MICs were more than three times the size of those in LICs.
This trend does not mean that the need for international assistance is reduced. Each geographic group incorporates a broad range of incomes, poverty levels, access to resources and vulnerabilities. Even in upper middle-income countries (UMICs) such as Lebanon and Jordan, national coping capacity can be overwhelmed by the numbers of refugees, requiring a coherent response from a combination of different national and international actors.
For more please see our Global Humanitarian Assistance (GHA) report 2015.