This discussion paper is the second in a series and follows The Sustainable Development Goals: Joining-up new standards in a disconnected world, which introduces the SDG framework in the context of the challenges involved in creating new data standards. This paper focuses in detail on SDG2 in relation to other existing data standards that inform and contribute to it. It discusses the mapping between SDG2 targets and indicators and the sector classifications used for data on financial flows that may impact on these outcomes, particularly the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Development Assistance Committee (DAC)’s Creditor Reporting System (CRS) for external flows and UN Classification of Functions of Government (COFOG) for domestic resources.
Sustainable Development Goal 2 (SDG2) deals with ending hunger, achieving food security and improved nutrition, and promoting sustainable agriculture. Under the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) framework this fell under a broader goal: eradicate extreme poverty and hunger. This shift from associating hunger with extreme poverty and unemployment to a focus on sustainable agriculture has meant an increase of indicators directly associated with hunger from three to fourteen. Of the fourteen indicators, only two have their origins in the MDGs. The rest have been developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).