P20 Initiative: Baseline report


The P20 Initiative aims to track the progress of the poorest 20% of the world’s population from poverty to security and opportunity. It is about ensuring that the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the data revolution deliver progress for the people in the poorest 20% of the world’s population – the P20.

In 2015, world leaders agreed the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (Agenda 2030). Its goal is to end poverty in all its forms everywhere, with a specific target to eradicate extreme poverty by 2030 and a commitment to leave no one behind. Achieving these ambitions will be much harder than meeting the Millennium Development Goals. It will require a different mindset, and new ways of measuring and monitoring progress.

We need to harness the energy of the data revolution and measure progress by counting people not averages, so that no one – no matter where they live, how old they are and irrespective of their gender, sexual orientation or disabilities – is left behind.

Rather than establishing a new measurement, the P20 is a simple concept that seeks to focus political attention on the poorest 20% of people. Like the SDGs, it is a concept that is universally applicable, so it is relevant to decision-makers at all levels – globally, nationally and in every sector and every community.

This report focuses on the global P20, the poorest 20% of people in the world. Agenda 2030 puts forward a comprehensive framework of 17 goals, 169 targets and 230 indicators. There is a risk that attention to the poorest people will be lost in this complexity and monitoring efforts will get bogged down in the detail. The P20 Initiative will try to keep the focus on the bigger picture, using three simple ‘bellwethers’ drawn from the SDG framework and based on income, nutrition and civil registration.

Download the full report here

Download our graphic summary here

Homepage image credit: Asian Development Bank