A staggering US$5.4 billion was pledged at the Cairo International Conference on Palestine, themed “Reconstructing Gaza”, on 12 October 2014. This amount far exceeded the US$4.0 billion requested by the Palestinian authorities and came despite concerns of donor fatigue following three major conflicts in Gaza in five years.
Qatar’s US$1 billion pledge during the conference exceeded all others. The second largest pledge came from the European Union (US$575 million), and the United States was third, pledging US$212 million.
However, one week on from the conference, the international community is yet to translate these pledges into firm commitments; in fact, no commitments or contributions to Gaza have been reported by donors in the past week.
Humanitarian funding for the Gaza crisis reached its peak in August 2014 when donors provided approximately US$207 million at a rate of US$7 million per day, as reported in the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)’s Financing Tracking Service (FTS). Since then, funding has declined considerably. Only US$11 million of humanitarian assistance was given in September and none in October so far.
Source: Development Initiatives based on UN OCHA’s FTS
Notes: Data downloaded on 20 October 2014, and subject to change.
This slowing of assistance means that the UN-coordinated strategic response plan (SRP) 2014 for the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) is still only 39% funded.