The information below is based on data published by UN OCHA Financial Tracking Service (FTS) on 31 August – a database that is updated daily. Both the GHA team and UN OCHA teams are happy to help with any data enquiries. Data on official development assistance (ODA) is taken from OECD DAC. The data can be accessed in this Excel file or this Google Docs file.
Other useful sources of information include:
- North Africa Humanitarian Response Portal
- Libya crisis map: http://libyacrisismap.net/
- Situation reports: http://reliefweb.int/taxonomy/term/140
- Appeal documents, needs and daily data updates: http://fts.unocha.org/pageloader.aspx?page=emerg-emergencyDetails&appealID=930
- For trends in development aid to the region, see Kerry Smith’s report, Arab Spring. http://devinit.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/Arab-Spring.pdf
Humanitarian financing headlines, 31 August 2011
1. The UN has tracked US$374.8 million in response to the crisis in Libya, US$230.9m of which in response to the UN’s regional flash appeal (which also covers priority humanitarian needs in Egypt, Niger and Tunisia)
2. As at 31 August, 60.3% (US$246m) of the US$407.8m UN regional flash appeal has been funded
3.The Top 5 government donors to UN flash appeal are: the United States (US$56.8m), European Commission Humanitarian Aid Office (ECHO, US$40.4m), Australia (US$28.2m), United Kingdom (US$11.3m) and Norway (US$9.1m). Figures in the table below are US$ million
4. The top 5 government contributors to the overall emergency (i.e. UN flash appeal funding as well as other funding for humanitarian projects not listed in the appeal) are: the United States (US$81.6m), European Commission Humanitarian Aid Office (ECHO, US$55.1m), Australia (US$37.5m), United Kingdom (US$21.9m) and Sweden (US$19.5m)
5. The best funded clusters in the UN appeal are currently logistics and camp management/coordination
Background and development indicators
6. The political and security crisis in Libya that began in February 2011 has resulted in acute pockets of fighting (centred mainly in and around Tripoli, Misrata and the Nafusa Mountains), has reduced the capacity of public institutions to function and has led to large scale internal and cross-border displacement. In addition to the challenge of protecting civilians from the direct effects of the fighting, humanitarian efforts have focused on trying to meet food, fuel and medical needs as well as shelter. (See: UN OCHA’s latest sitrep of 26 August for a detailed situation report).
7. According to the International Organization of Migration (IOM), over 800, 000 people have left the country (total population of 6.5m).
8. Libya is one of six Arab countries to have experienced protests and unrest since December 2010, along with Yemen, Syria, Tunisia, Egypt, Libya and Bahrain (see: Arab Spring http://devinit.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/Arab-Spring.pdf).
9. Libya has received very little official development assistance (ODA or aid) – under 0.05% of the total allocated to over 150 countries since 2005. Indeed, as a region, ‘north of the Sahara’ (an OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) grouping that also comprises Algeria, Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia) has accounted for 3.6% of total ODA over the past five years.