Ukraine has received relatively low levels of humanitarian assistance in recent years, although official development assistance (ODA) has averaged around US$695 million annually over the past five years. A higher than average proportion of that ODA has been allocated to conflict, peace and security, reflecting the political fragility in the country with tensions sporadically rising over the past decade. The most recent crisis began with protests in November 2013, but violence erupted on a larger scale in February 2014 leading to the departure of the then President. Since then the humanitarian situation has deteriorated significantly despite a truce being signed in September 2014. This crisis has resulted in significant population displacement, more than 4,000 conflict-related deaths and many more injuries. Although the fighting has largely been concentrated in eastern Ukraine, widespread displacement has created vulnerable communities outside of this region.
As the 2015 Strategic Response Plan for Ukraine is released, this briefing looks at the humanitarian financing situation over the past year, as well as other financial and in-kind flows to the country.