We have been asked a number of times recently how much government donors are contributing to the crisis in the Horn of Africa. Governments are giving 72% of the total bilateral funding – not taking into account their funding via multilateral agencies and funds, so its a reasonable question to ask.
We have attempted to put some numbers together, which you can see in this visualisation:
The data which drives this and our calculations can be found in the data store section of the website. We know this is not perfect so please help us out if you can think of a better way!
Here’s what we did:
- Downloaded data from OCHA FTS on 10th August 2011 at 1500 GMT. The download includes funding from all donors to five ‘crises’ Djibouti 2011, Ethiopia 2011, Kenya 2011, Somalia 2011 and Horn of Africa – July 2011.
- We then separated out funding within the three existing UN appeals for Djibouti, Kenya and Somalia (omitting funding which was outside of the UN appeals).
- We added to this funding attributed to the ‘emergency type’ ‘Horn of Africa – July 2011’. This is not a UN appeal but a place for the FTS to report contributions which are not yet attributable to a specific recipient country, but which are identifiably for this crisis.
- We then added ALL funding to Ethiopia. The appeal in Ethiopia is not part of the UN consolidated appeal process (CAP) and as such, it is not currently possible to differentiate funding to Ethiopia which is specifically for the drought response with the FTS data.
This means that our bilateral funding figures are an over estimate because we included all funding to Ethiopia.
Next we attempted to impute back to government donors some of their contributions via multilateral funds and agencies like this:
- We took from the CERF website the total funds allocated to those four countries in 2011. We then took the contributions of each donor to the global CERF fund in 2011 and applied their percentage share to the volume of funds allocated to the crisis affected countries.
- For ERFs and CHFs we took the donor contributions to the funds reported to the OCHA FTS and applied their proportions of the total to the total funds committed/contributed to the crisis by the ERFs in Kenya and Ethiopia and the CHF in Somalia.
- We then took the amount committed/contributed by the EU Institutions to the crisis and applied to this, the share that each EU member state provided in multilateral ODA to the EU Institutions in 2010. This figure can be considered at best an estimate, but we think its worthwhile to illustrate a more comprehensive picture of what some EU member states are giving.
As you can see from this complex process, tracking funding to this crisis is not easy. If you can think of a better way of doing this, please comment or email me email@example.com