French official development assistance (ODA) has been decreasing since 2011. The 2015 budget announcement on 1 October shows that ODA will continue to fall between now and 2017. The defence budget also falls in 2015, but it will rise again between 2015 and 2017.
France’s 2015 budget announcement shows the core aid budget falling by 2.8% next year and continuing to fall until 2017.
In 2013, France provided 0.4% of its gross national income (GNI) as ODA. While it was the 5th largest donor of ODA, it ranked 13th amongst donors on share of GNI. The budget means it is unlikely that France will meet their aid target (as committed with fellow EU members) of providing 0.7% of GNI as ODA in 2015, 2016 or 2017.
The defence budget is also set to fall to 1.6% in 2015 but will rise again thereafter. French aid policy states that development and security are interrelated because instability undermines a state’s ability to exercise its functions. However, state-building activities that are key in fragile situations (such as those in Mali and the Central African Republic where France led interventions in 2013) are largely financed through ODA grants. These may be affected by the planned budget reductions.
For more information, see our briefing French budget for 2015 fails to set a credible path to 2015.
Data is budget allocated for aid and defence, projections for 2015 to 2017. Index numbers based on figures in € millions from the budget lines “Mission aide publique au développement” (Department of public aid and development?) and “Mission défence”. (Defence Department?)
‘Core aid budget’ refers to the budget line “Crédits de paiement: Mission aide publique au développement” (Payment appropriations: Mission official development assistance). Other budget lines will also contribute to the France’s total ODA contributions.
See full briefing paper for details.
DI calculations are based on Ministry of Finance data, budget for 2015 and budget for 2014 (for 2013 figures)
Ministère des Finances et des Comptes Publiques (2013) “Projet de Loi de finances pour 2014”