Final ODA data for 2015


In December the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) released detailed data on official development assistance (ODA) allocations in 2015.

This report presents Development Initiatives’ initial analysis of that data, including:

  • Comparison to preliminary ODA data
  • Regional distribution of ODA
  • Main recipient countries
  • Trends in ODA to least developed countries (LDCs)
  • The composition of ODA, including levels of loans, debt relief and refugee costs

Key findings:

  • There is no significant change in total ODA levels reported in the final 2015 data compared with the preliminary figures.
  • Total ODA reached a new peak in 2015 despite a significant fall in disbursements from the United States (US).
  • Sub-Saharan Africa remains the region that received the greatest amount of ODA; however, ODA disbursements with no specified recipient increased significantly.
  • Afghanistan is still the largest ODA recipient despite several years of falling ODA receipts.
  • Other countries in South and Central Asia (e.g. India, Pakistan and Bangladesh) saw significant increases in ODA, as did the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).
  • ODA to LDCs increased somewhat, but it remains below 2010 levels.
  • ODA loans continued to increase, driven by a substantial rise in lending from Germany.
  • The low level of concessionality attached to loans from Germany (and, to a lesser degree, France) may adversely affect levels of reported ODA when new reporting rules come into effect.
  • Levels of in-donor spending on refugees rose dramatically in 2015 and now accounts for over 9% of all reported ODA.
  • For some donors, refugee costs make up between a quarter and a third of total reported ODA.
  • The amount of ODA reported per refugee varies significantly between donors, making it difficult to compare total ODA levels from one donor to another.

Read the report