After a slow initial response, humanitarian assistance to the West Africa Ebola crisis has increased. Contributions since 1 September 2014 account for 89% (US$769 million) of total funding that has been contributed since the crisis began in April 2014.
According to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)’s Financial Tracking Service (FTS), of the total US$863 million committed, the US is the largest single contributor, providing US$313 million so far with a major up-scaling reported on 17 September 2014. The World Bank has been the second-largest contributor (US$105 million), followed by the European Commission Humanitarian Aid Office (ECHO) (US$55 million). Liberia has received the most funding (US$293 million), followed by Sierra Leone (US$107 million) and Guinea (US$80 million). A further US$358 million has been provided regionally.
World Health Organisation data released on 25 October 2014 shows the number of cases in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone has reached 10,114, with 4,912 people dying of the disease. There have been 27 cases in 5 other countries.
The scale of the crisis has prompted the Disasters Emergency Committee (DEC) to launch its first appeal in response to a disease outbreak.
The funding situation is constantly changing, and contribution reporting mechanisms do not give a full picture of total funding to the Ebola response. The UN OCHA tracks humanitarian spending, while the Ebola response also encompasses broader development funding. A better overall understanding and more effective reporting system for all resource flows will give a more accurate and comprehensive picture of the funding situation. InterAction has been collecting data on their members’ response to the Ebola virus via the NGO Aid Map.
Data correct at time of writing and subject to change.