The GHA Programme is partnering with the START network to help to inform their funding allocation decisions. The START network is a consortium of British-based Humanitarian INGOs, which has recently launched its own fund to help fill funding gaps and enable rapid response to under-reported crises where need is great.
When the START members issue a funding alert, we produce (within 12 hours) a rapid overview of the humanitarian funding picture – recent funding, an overview of appeals and funds, and analysis of donor trends. The analysis is targeted not only at the START network but to a wider set of stakeholders engaged in these crises – including donors, humanitarian organisations, analysts, advocates, and citizens.
On 16th June 2014, we responded to a funding alert for the crisis in the East Africa (predominantly Ethiopia and Somalia).
BACKGROUND TO THE CRISIS
Nearly 17 million people are in Stressed, Crisis, and Emergency acute food insecurity conditions in East Africa as of May 2014 (Integrated Food Security Classification Phases 2, 3, and 4). People experiencing the higher phases of food insecurity can be found in South Sudan, Sudan, eastern Ethiopia, Djibouti, southern Somalia, and northern Kenya.
There are approximately 11 million people in need of humanitarian assistance for food security in the sub-region (including 3.7 million in South Sudan, 3.3 million in Sudan, 2.4 million in Ethiopia, 850,000 in Kenya, 600,000 in Somalia, 100,000 in Karamoja region of Uganda, and 70,000 in Djibouti).
March to May rains have been erratic and well below-average in East Africa, particularly in parts of Kenya, Tanzania, eastern Ethiopia, and central and northern Somalia, for both pastoral and cropping areas. Current forecasts suggest a strong likelihood of below-average rainfall between June to September in many areas, which may have a negative effect on the main season harvests in Sudan and South Sudan, and to a lesser extent, in Ethiopia and Kenya.
Access to food may also be further undermined conflict and insecurity, which continues to constrain trade ﬂows in northern and eastern South Sudan, southern Somalia, and the Darfur and South Kordofan states in Sudan.
You can find our full analysis of the funding situation in the Horn of Africa here.