Tanzania, United Republic of


In 2007 more than two-thirds of Tanzania’s population lived on less than $1.25/day and 88% on less than $2/day.

In 2012 government spending was the second highest in East Africa at US$403 per capita. Nearly all international inflows come from ODA (US$2.9 billion in 2012) and FDI (US$1.7 billion), though long-term debt inflows were US$1.4 billion in 2010 before falling sharply.

ODA has risen steadily since the mid 1990s, with a spike in 2006 caused by debt relief. 45% of ODA went to health in 2012, and 18% to infrastructure. Tanzania also received a significant amount of general budget support (12% of total ODA).

Cash grants made up 31% of ODA in 2012, a mix of cash and aid-in-kind 28% and loans 27%.