The recent release of 2009’s aid figures reported to the OECD DAC confirms that Afghanistan remained the leading global recipient of aid in 2009 with an increase of US$1.3 billion on 2008 (based on 2008 constant prices). Moreover, Afghanistan commands an increasing share of the total official aid (excluding debt relief) flowing to developing countries, rising from 1.0% of the total aid from all donors in 2001 to 4.1% in 2008, and rising again to 4.9% in 2009.
The gap between the first and second leading recipients of aid significantly widened with Ethiopia receiving US$1.5 billion less than Afghanistan in 2008 and US$2.2 billion less in 2009.
The donor responsible for the largest share of this increase in aid to Afghanistan (63%) was the United States, which gave US$836 million more in 2009 than in 2008. Other donors also significantly increased their aid to Afghanistan in 2009. A further 10% of the 2009 increase came from an US$139 million increase in aid from the World Bank and 5% of the increase from the Asian Development Fund (US$62 million more than in 2008), 4% from Germany (US$52 million), and 4% from the United Kingdom (US$49 million).
Humanitarian aid rose sharply in 2008 to a historic peak of US$870 million when food shortages and increased insecurity contributed to a significant elevation in humanitarian needs. Despite the US$1.3 billion increase in total aid to Afghanistan however, growth in humanitarian aid has not been sustained and aid fell by US$278 million to just US$592.5 million in 2009.
The total aid to Afghanistan reported to the OECD DAC from all donors since 2001 now amounts to US$29 billion. This official aid however represents only part of the total international resource flows to Afghanistan. In a forthcoming GHA report, to be published in early 2011, the GHA programme examines in detail resource flows into Afghanistan since 2001.