DAC donors have collectively reversed two consecutive years of real terms aid reductions. Despite continued pressure on budgets, ODA grew as a proportion of national income for 15 of 28 DAC country donors in 2013.
Total net ODA from all DAC country donors increased by 6% in 2013, up US$ 7.1 billion on 2012 levels to reach an all-time high of $135 billion.* ODA as a proportion of national income grew for most DAC donors, although 13 countries saw this ratio decline.
Norway was the most generous DAC donor on the ODA/GNI measure in 2013, overtaking Luxembourg and Sweden. Norwegian ODA reached 1.07% of GNI (US$ 5.6 billion), up from 0.93% in 2012.
But the United Arab Emirates, which reports ODA but is not a DAC member, reached 1.25% – the highest ODA/GNI ratio – partly due to exceptional support for Egypt in 2013.
The UK is confirmed as the first G7 country to reach the 0.7% target, providing 0.72% of GNI as ODA in 2013. UK ODA grew 28% in real terms. The 0.7% DAC club, however, remains at five countries, with ODA from the Netherlands falling by 6%, to 0.67% of GNI in 2013. This is the first year that Dutch ODA has fallen below the 0.7% target since the 1970s.
Other strong performers included Sweden whose ODA reached 1.02% of GNI (US$5.8 billion), while Iceland and Italy also saw substantial increases on this measure.
But this trend was not universal, with ODA as a share of GNI falling in 13 countries. France’s ODA fell by US$ 1.2 billion, to 0.41% of GNI, while Canada’s ODA fell to 0.27% from 0.32% in 2012.
The graph on this page shows net ODA for the 28 DAC country donors. Download the data to see figures for all non-DAC donors that also report ODA.
*Note that the DAC release states a 6.1% or US$7.7 billion increase, which is in constant 2012 prices.
OECD DAC – DAC provisional 2013 ODA release.