The P20 Initiative: data to leave no one behind

The P20 Initiative tracks the progress of the poorest 20% of people to find out if their lives are changing for the better – are they getting their fair share of attention, investment and opportunity?

By improving information about the lives of the poorest people in the world, the P20 Initiative makes them more visible and helps to ensure no one is left behind in efforts to tackle poverty.

Agenda 2030 and the Sustainable Development Goals have brought us a global commitment to end extreme poverty and ensure no one is left behind. For this ambition to be met, we need to know who the poorest people are, understand their lives, and ensure they are included in progress.

The P20 approach

The P20 approach can be applied globally and in every country. It focuses attention on the poorest 20% of people, who are often also the most vulnerable. This includes everyone currently in, or vulnerable to, absolute poverty, as well as those who by reasons of their identity (age, disability, belief, ethnicity, sexual orientation) are most vulnerable to poverty or exclusion.

The P20 approach proposes that countries, donor agencies, CSOs and companies choose a small number of bellwether indicators – in line with their own priorities. Regularly monitoring these will deliver top-line trends to show the public and politicians what progress is being made, especially for the poorest.

P20 Initiative aims

  1. Focus attention on people in the poorest 20%

Using the best available data we will produce analysis on whether progress is being made for people in the poorest 20% based on three bellwether indicators – income, nutrition and whether people are being counted in civil registration systems. We will also unpack data on where people in the P20 live and produce sector analysis to look in-depth at areas such as health and education.

  1. Demonstrate the importance of better data on people in poverty

We will promote the disaggregation of data on people to ensure a minimum of five elements – income quintile, geography, gender, age and disability. Analysis will be produced where data exists to demonstrate the important insights this brings. Highlighting the vital need for functioning civil registration and vital statistics systems to ensure people in poverty are visible and counted will also be a key part of our efforts.

  1. Ensure no one is left behind

By focussing on the progress of the poorest people and the urgent improvements needed in data on their lives, we will contribute to efforts to end poverty and ensure no one is left behind.

Read our baseline report here

Read our methodology papers here

Download our graphic summary here